One in five employees will be exposed to hazardous substances in the workplace. Breathing in hazardous substances, vapours and fumes is one of the most underestimated occupational risks. The surrounding air could be polluted by all kinds of particles, or by a combination of particles.  

The surrounding air could be polluted with: 

  • Solid particles: a collection of solid or liquid molecules: particulate matter, quartz dust, fibres, soot particles, smoke, micro-organisms, radioactive particles, spray and mist (aerosols). 
  • Vapours and fumes: single molecules spread across the air: organic and non-organic vapours and fumes, acid vapours, metal vapours, etc. 
  • Spray: fine droplets in the air, such as mist. For instance when spraying a liquid by use of an aerosol or spray can with cleaning agent.  

Inhaling is usually done unconsciously and the consequences become noticeable in the long term, expressing as lung disease or cancer. Sometimes, exposure is immediately noticeable in the form of irritation, vomiting, intoxication, suffocation and poisoning.

Substances and vapours mainly have impact on the airways, but also other organs, like the skin and eyes could be damaged. The latter may also occur unconsciously, due to eating, drinking or smoking with dirty hands.

Personal protection 

In addition to the primary steps in the AH-strategy, PPE usually remains required. Relevant products that we can provide, are: 

  • Respiratory protection 
  • Eye and face protection 
  • Hand protection 
  • Protective clothing 
Adembescherming - 1

Education & Support 

Proper protection doesn’t do the trick yet. Safety stands or falls with proper use. Therefore, you should ensure a good instruction and sufficient support for personal protection.  

First, one must make employees aware of the risks. Many effects are actually invisible and also not always known. This is what asbestos and quartz dust taught us. If this happens, employees will not only start using PPE, but also, for instance, keep their hands clean to prevent contamination or pollution. 

Involve the employees in the improvement of health and safety. For larger projects or larger quantities, you can assemble a work group. All tips provided by the work group can contribute to significant improvement of safety!

Man in protective suit with respiratory mask making notes

Which role can a PPE-consultant fulfil here? 

Which role can a PPE-consultant fulfil here? 

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More information

Our advisors are happy to help you or make an appointment if you wish.

Phone: +31 184 434 455


By use of our scan, we inventory risks at function level. By means of an advisory report and a PPE-matrix, you will get an overview of the required protection measures. More information about the PPE-scan. 

Overzicht gevaarlijke stoffen lr

Gratis poster

Veilig werken met fijnstof, gas en dampen

Hoe ga je veilig om met stoffen en dampen? Deze voorlichtingsposter legt duidelijk hoe stof, gassen en dampen je organen kunnen beschadigen. Ook legt het de fatale denkfouten bloot als het gaat om persoonlijke bescherming.

Met deze poster ontdekken werknemers…

  • hoe stoffen hun organen beschadigen
  • wat er vaak verkeerd gaat bij gebruik van PBM
  • Do’s & dont’s bij adembescherming

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Fijnstof, gas, dampen, adembescherming, toolbox, arbo, wetgeving

Gratis e-paper

Veilig werken tussen stof, gas en dampen

Effectieve veiligheidsmaatregelen zijn van levensbelang. In onze e-paper gaan we dieper in op de risico’s, wet- en regelgeving, arbeidshygiënische strategie en implementatie.

Met deze e-paper…

  • Ontdekt u mogelijke riscio’s
  • Volgt u de juiste route bij het nemen van maatregelen
  • Leest u meer over de juiste bescherming
  • Ontdekt u hoe u draagvlak creëert voor de genomen maatregelen.

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